How many children do Arab children read in a minute? Evidence from a CBM study in two Arab Countries

How many children do Arab children read in a minute? Evidence from a CBM study in two Arab Countries

First Author: Mahmoud Emam -- Sultan Qaboos University
Additional authors/chairs: 
Asma Abudulla Al Attiyah
Keywords: Word reading, Reading fluency, Curriculum Development, Word reading skills, Assessment
Abstract / Summary: 

Purpose. Curriculum based measurement’s popularity has grown over the past 15 years in the United States. However, its applicability in educational contexts has crossed US borders. CBMs in oral reading fluency are useful for evaluating students’ academic skills and monitoring their progress or response to academic instruction and intervention in reading. Both countries have given a thrust to the teaching of reading particularly after the public received alarm from the PIRLS 2016 results which showed students are not good readers in general compared to international benchmarks. The current study used CBMs to examine reading indicators of children from two Arab countries.
Method. Following guidelines for the design of CBM in reading that were reported in several studies of CBM in Western countries, we designed several alternate Arabic CBMs to assess oral reading fluency (ORF) in or students in grades 4 and 5. We tested the psychometric properties of the designed Arabic ORF CBM before classifying students into three levels: mastery, instructional and frustration. Data were collected in two Gulf countries during 2017/2018, namely Qatar and Oman.
Results. Test were scored according to words read correctly per minute. Using means, SD and percentiles, we analyzed the data from the two countries.We also examined differences between students from both countries. We also examined indicators for classifying students into the three aforementioned levels in order to screen for struggling learners. Overall, students in Qatar read more than students in Oman per minute. reading performance graphs are displayed and discussed
Conclusion. CBM is a promising procedure for screening for struggling reading in the Arab region